DC Power Generation and
Electrode-less Electrolysis

Draft Cross-section
     This device will aid in the separation of hydrogen from oxygen in water as long as the pressure and velocity of water forced through it are maintained, and the following requirements met.

#1.  Use sandpaper to remove any burs, barbs, or abrasive surfaces on the magnetic core and tubes to protect the enamel on the wire during winding.

#2.  Heat and wind a glass tube around the cylinder made of a ferro-magnetic core material, {Neodymium is Ideal} and place another ferro-magnetic tube over the cylinder and glass coil.

#3.  Use paper, or other high temperature dielectric to electrically isolate and to protect each layer of windings.

#4.  Wind 3,000 turns of wire over the core and glass coil.  Typically, the most effecient coils and the easiest to work with use only an ampere per turn.  Calculating the number of magnetic lines is typically easier using only an ampere per turn.  Calculating the power to apply to the coil is easier, apply one volt for every ohm of winding resistance measured using a DMM or Multimeter.  A good example of just how effecient magnetic coils of this type can be found at Edmunds Scientifics, and it only requires 1.5V to lift up to 200lbs.  As found at this link.

     Using a DC power supply to drive the field coils the energy stored in the tide will produce more electrical power than required to produce the magnetic field.  As a whole the device converts the shear force of bouyancy, or load into PSI {Pounds Per Square inch of pressure}, and GPM {Gallons Per Minute} into electrical power.  This design generates electricity as a result of the sea water being forced into a rotating path through magnetic field.  The glass coils are used to force the sea water into that rotating path.  This forces the conductive fluid to cut through the magnetic field lines produced by the electro-magnet.  The electrical current is generated by the free electrons in the conductive fluid evading the magnetic field and go around it.  Based upon the potential pressures achievable utilizing the bouyancy and load capacity of the floats, the total number of magnetic lines produced by the electro-magnet this would generate more power in a smaller area than tidal fences, in channel turbines, or man made inlets, and use far less sea water to do the job.  In comparison with other mechanical generators these are typically smaller in respect to their output in watts.  The diameter of the glass coil can be reduced in respect to wire because it acts as a pumped coolant.  Heat will take a considerably longer period time to dissipate from a solid block of metal used as a magnetic core material or the windings in a power transformer and/or standard electric generators {Typically, metal and/or ceramic}.

     Here's what happens, forcing sea water through the coils and around the magnetic field produces a voltage and current around the water passing through the magnetic field.  The salt water forced through the coils act on the same principals that a spinning rotor would in a standard generator.  The result is current flow around the glass coil which occurs as the sea water is forced through the magnetic field.  The number magnetic lines of flux, pressure in psi, and the flow rate in gallons per minute control the output voltage, and current.

     Unresolved issues in detail:  The diameter of water line may be too small to remain cool as power is generated and fail an undefined volt watt rating for that diameter of water line.  Wire is rated based upon the diameter because electrical energy is converted to heat as a result of resistance.  Wire being made of metal has resistance, a melting point, and the paint or enamel on that wire also has a flash point at which it burns.  All of these factors are taken into consideration when rating the amount of power a strand of wire can handle.  The diameter of the glass coil and the concentration of catalyst have to be rated for their maximum power handling capacity as fluids in motion based upon pressure, boiling point, and the diameter of the line.  Because, heat could produce steam bubbles, or electrical currents hydrogen and oxygen bubbles which in turn would reduce the cross sectional area of conductive fluid in the line, rating the line for the maximum allowable output in watts has to be done.  Since, the diameter of a solid strand or wire, or a tube filled with water requires a certain amount of time to heat the higher the population of bubbles the higher rate at which it heats.  If that happens the wire diameter at the circumfrence of any bubble is only equal to the cross-sectional area of the water in the line around the bubble.  In short this is where electronics math, geometery, and hydrodynamics equations cross paths and in the course of such an event were the wire diameter is reduced.  As as result of the soul conductor being sea water{H2O and a catalyst}, corrosion can be avoided in the process of electrolysis.

     If using Faraday's Electrolysis equations you cannot literally bring the water to a point that all that would be left is Salt {The Catalyst}, Oxygen, and Hydrogen or just two gases.  Although, adjusting certian variables in some calculations may indicate that enough current would be produced to convert all of the water that enters the line into hydrogen and actually approach an amperage would clog the glass coil with salt and force a condition were electrolysis would cease.

     Heat is not an uncommon result in generating power, and there is a cooling coefficient at work by pumping conductive fluids through the glass coils of the device.

     Note:  ****The inclusion of a clear water carburetor can act as a coolant in a hydrogen burn mixture may reduce overall burn temperatures in order to produce steam at a temperature the metals won't melt at.  This is similar to the two tank system used on early Harley Davidson Motorcycles.  The second tank was filled with oil that when mixed with gasoline would reduce the overall burn temperature of the fuel preserving the metals used to construct the pistons, and cylindars.


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